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ThinkMind // ACHI 2012, The Fifth International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions // View article achi_2012_11_30_20154


Increased Cognitive Load in Resolution of Problems Caused by Human Error on New Aircrafts

Authors:
Edgard Martins

Keywords: New technologies; Automation; Human error

Abstract:
The flaws in the commitment of decision-making in emergency situations and the lack of perception related to all elements associated with a given situation in a short space of time indicate, often, lack of situational awareness. Automation always surprises the crews and often prevents them from understanding the extent of this technology that is very common in aircraft units with a high degree of automation. These facts are discussed in a subtle way by aircraft drivers who can not do it openly, as it might create an impression of professional self-worthlessness (self-deprecation). This leads to common questions like: What is happening now? What will be the next step of automated systems? This type of doubt would be inadmissible in older aircraft because the pilot of those machines works as an extension of the plane. This scenario contributes to emotional disorders and a growing hidden problem in the aeronautical field. These unexpected automation surprises reflect a complete misunderstanding or even the misinformation of the users. It also reveals their inability and limitations to overcome these new situations that were not foreseen by the aircraft designers. Our studies showed a different scenario when the accident is correlated with systemic variables. It has identified the problems or errors that contribute to the fact that drivers are unable to act properly. These vectors, when they come together, may generate eventually a temporary incompetence of the pilot due to limited capacity or lack of training in the appropriateness of automation in aircraft or even, the worst alternative, due to a personal not visible and not detectable non-adaptation to automation. We must also consider in the analysis the inadequate training and many other reasons, so that we can put in right proportion the effective participation or culpability of the pilot in accidents. Our doctoral thesis presents statistical studies that allow us to assert that the emotional and cognitive overload are being increased with automation widely applied in the cockpits of modern aircraft, and also that these new projects do not go hand in hand with the desired cognitive and ergonomic principles.

Pages: 278 to 284

Copyright: Copyright (c) IARIA, 2012

Publication date: January 30, 2012

Published in: conference

ISSN: 2308-4138

ISBN: 978-1-61208-177-9

Location: Valencia, Spain

Dates: from January 30, 2012 to February 4, 2012

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