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ThinkMind // eLmL 2014, The Sixth International Conference on Mobile, Hybrid, and On-line Learning // View article elml_2014_1_30_50081


Development and Assessment of CSCL System for Large Classrooms Using Collaborative Script

Authors:
Taketoshi Inaba
Kimihiko Ando

Keywords: Collaborative learning; CSCL;script.

Abstract:
In the area of Computer Supporter Collaborative Learning (CSCL) research, scripting collaborative learning is a relatively new but promising approach to promote learning. The term scripting is used to describe ways of prescribing relevant elements for collaborative interaction, such as group formation, roles, learning activities, sequence of learning activities. Many studies have shown that free collaboration without explicit scaffolding rarely produces effective interaction and that the script can be one of the most effective scaffoldings. Basing on reciprocal learning method, we have designed a script which allows students to create questions and answer them mutually. To implement this script for large classrooms, we have developed a CSCL system which has two important functions: automated group formation function that can form groups on the fly, based on students’ personal traits, and chat function by which students can discuss each other within their groupe. For the evaluation, we have conducted an experiment with some 300 students in a large classroom to evaluate our system and analyze interactions in detail during each sequence of learning activities. Based on the assessment result, the learners felt encouraged to understand better about learning task. At the same time, it became clear that the quality of discussion on chat affects reciprocal question posing. As well, it was indicated that group size and knowledge level of leader or other members affect the process of reciprocal actions and activities at some degree.

Pages: 14 to 21

Copyright: Copyright (c) IARIA, 2014

Publication date: March 23, 2014

Published in: conference

ISSN: 2308-4367

ISBN: 978-1-61208-328-5

Location: Barcelona, Spain

Dates: from March 23, 2014 to March 27, 2014

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