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ThinkMind // COGNITIVE 2014, The Sixth International Conference on Advanced Cognitive Technologies and Applications // View article cognitive_2014_11_20_40115


Altered Resting-State Functional Connectivity in Internet Addicts

Authors:
Jin-Hun Sohn
Ji-Woo Seok
Suk-Hee Kim
Sunju Sohn

Keywords: Resting-state fMRI; Internet addicts; Functional connectivity; Orbitofrontal cortex

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine functional disconnectivity in Internet addicts using resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (rs fMRI). Internet addicts and demographically similar non-addicts were scanned using rs fMRI. For the connectivity analysis, Regions Of Interests (ROIs) were defined based on previous studies of addictions. The functional connectivity assessment for each subject was obtained by correlating time-series across the ROIs, resulting in 8x8 matrix for each subject. Within-group functional connectivity patterns were observed by entering the z maps of the ROIs of each subject into second-level one sample t test. Two sample t test was also performed to examine differences between two groups. A significant increase was observed in positive functional connectivity between the OrbitoFrontal Cortex (OFC) and several brain regions in the non-addicted group. However, no significant correlations in these structural connectivities were found in the Internet addiction group. The Internet addiction group presented significant negative connectivity between the OFC and insula. Our findings provide the evidence that Internet addicts have aberrant functional connectivity in the corticostriatal circuit at resting state. Particularly, we suggest that the OFC, which is associated with processing negative affect and behavioral inhibition, may play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of the Internet addiction.

Pages: 246 to 249

Copyright: Copyright (c) IARIA, 2014

Publication date: May 25, 2014

Published in: conference

ISSN: 2308-4197

ISBN: 978-1-61208-340-7

Location: Venice, Italy

Dates: from May 25, 2014 to May 29, 2014

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